“Thou marshall’st me the way that I was going And such an instrument I was to use.”
Macbeth here is saying the dagger is going to guide and lead him to kill King Duncan and he is also saying that the dagger he sees he wants to make it his weapon of choice to kill King Duncan. This is the point weere Macbeth is hallucinating imaging a dagger and he wants this dagger of his imagination to guide him to where he needs to go and he wants to make this dagger his weapon of choice since it is encouraging him to do it.
Doubtful it stood, As two spent swimmers that do cling together And choke their art
In this line from Macbeth the metaphor is the talking the battle. Two spent swimmers is relating to the 2 sides in the battle. That do cling together and choke their art is talking about the 2 sides being too tired to fight
Macbeth: If chance will have me king, why, chance may crown me Without my stir.
Banquo: New honors come upon him, Like our strange garments, cleave not to their mould But with the aid of use.
Both Macbeth and Banquo have different views on how they will get certain titles. Macbeth is saying if he’s destined to become king he’s not going to wait around for it to happen and will take his opportunity to become king by any means. Banquo however is saying that these new titles that we are destined for we must work hard to get them.
The Prince of Cumberland! That is a step On which I must fall down, or else o’erleap, For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires, Let not light see my black and deep desires; The eye wink at the hand; yet let that be Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see.
I must become king by getting rid of him these stars I want them to stop shining so bright I want them to go away because I do not want these stars to see my darkest meaning I don’t want to see myself kill the King.
Chapter 41: Herbert is now home and Pip is now forced to talk about his situation with Herbert, Pip and Herbert have now both agreed that they will no longer use Magwitch’s Money, Pip has also agreed to take Magwitch abroad where he will be safe from the Police and they will part ways with him.
Chapter 42: Magwitch then proceeds to tell his story, Magwitch was orphaned as a child and lived a life of crime. His earliest memory of stealing was turnips to feed himself, As a young man Magwitch met a criminal named Compeyson and soon fell under his power. Compeyson had driven another accomplice named Arthur into alcoholism and madness, He said he was driven to depression by a memory of a wealthy women they had stole from. Magwitch then reveals that once they were both caught Compeyson had snitched on him to get a light sentence on him, Magwitch wanted revenge on the night when Pip found his convict in the ditch it was Magwitch fighting with Compeyson. Herbert tells Pip that Arthur was Miss Havisham’s half brother and Compeyson was the one who stood up Miss Havisham at the wedding.
Chapter 43: Pip feels now that he must leave Estella forever, Pip has a unpleasant encounter with Drummle at the Inn, Pip plans to travel to Satis house to see Miss Havisham and Estella one last time.
Chapter 44: Miss Havisham admitted to playing along to make him believe she was his secret benefactor, Miss Havisham will now be helping Herbert now that Pip doesn’t want the money anymore. Pip makes a speech tells Estella how much he loved her. Estella then says that she has agreed to marry Drummle. Pip now feeling sad walks all the way back to London Wemmick gives Pip a note saying “Dont’t go home”
Chapter 45: Pip spends at the night at the Hummums Inn, the next day Pip asks Wemmick about the note, Wemmick then says that Compeyson is now pursing Magwich, Wemmick then says that Herbert has hidden Magwich at Clara’s house. Pip then leaves to go there.
Chapter 39: Pip is now 23, During a thunderstorm he hears heavy footsteps Pip then finds out its the convict who is in his apartment, Pip learns about his convict and what happen to him he went to Australia where he worked as a sheep rancher and he made a lot of money from this with the money he made he wanted to turn Pip into a gentleman. Pip finds out his secret benefactor is the convict. The convict is on the run from the law and Pip wants to help his convict he give him Herbert’s to sleep in for tonight, Pip sees the convict sleeping with a pistol and locks his door.
Chapter 40: Pip in the morning trips over someone who is on the stair case he runs to get the watchman but when they return the man is gone. Pip’s convict is called Magwitch, Pip then calls on Jaggers to help him disguise Magwitch and confirm his story
The ironic quote:
“My sister, Mrs. Joe Gargery, was more than twenty years older than I, and had established a great reputation with herself and the neighbors because she had brought me up “by hand.” Having at that time to find out for myself what the expression meant, and knowing her to have a hard and heavy hand, and to be much in the habit of laying it upon her husband as well as upon me, I supposed that Joe Gargery and I were both brought up by hand”
The ironic statement is ‘being brought up by Hand’ the connotation being brought up by hand meant that he was brought up by a person who works hard for their family. Dickens uses the quote as a denotation which means Pip was raised by being hit by his sister
Simile: He was as cold as death
The denotation is that he has a low body temperature the connotation is that Compeyson has no emotion or feeling towards Magwich and wouldn’t care what happens to Magwhich
Chapter 28: Pip hopes to see Estella and apologize to Joe for his behaviour. Pip travels home on a coach and he notices a pair of convicts one of whom is the mysterious man who gave Pip the money, Pip overhears a conversation where the convict Pip had helped told the man to give Pip the money. Pip remembers this moment and his horrified so he proceeds to get off the coach. Pip gets off near the town and once he reaches the hotel he finds a newspaper which shows Pumblechook taking all the credit for Pip becoming famous.
Chapter 29: Pip the next day travels to Satis house. Pip encounters Orlick at the gate and the have a conversation on how Orlick ended at Miss Havisham’s and when he left the forge. Pip enters and sees a woman who he doesn’t recognise. Pip then realises its Estella, Pip says Estella has changed a lot and was much more beautiful, so much more womanly, he then says she has had a lot of changes and he has made none. Miss Havisham continues to tell Pip to carry on loving Estella, As Pip and Estella are walking in the garden Pip realises Estella is treating him differently
Chapter 30: Pip feels uncomfortable with Orlick working for Miss Havisham and Jaggers then gets rid of Orlick due to Pip telling Jaggers what he knows about Orlick. Pip runs into Trabbs boy who proceeds to mock Pip. Pip heads back to London where Herbert tries to cheer up Pip and Pip tells Herbert that he adores Estella and Herbert tells Pip that he has a fiancé and he is too poor to marry her
Chapter 31: Mr Wopsle takes Pip and Herbert to a play about Hamlet and the audience reply to everything the actors say. Pip takes Herbert and Mr Wopsle out for drinks its 2am and Pip goes to bed miserable and thinking about Estella and some twisted dreams. Where he gave his hand in marriage to Herbert’s Clara, playing Hamlet and Miss havisham ghost and being in front of 20,000 people and forgetting his lines
Chapter 32: Pip receives a letter from Estella saying she coming to London and he has to pick her up. Pip gets there early and encounters Wemmick. Wemmick takes Pip on a tour of Newgate Prison. Pip feels very uncomfortable but he notices Wemmick seems at home here.
Chapter 33: Pip then meets up with Estella and they then take a carriage to Estella’s new house but they take a break to eat. Estella tells Pip how the Pocket family have been writing mean and horrible letters about him however Miss Havisham likes that they are jealous of Pip. Estella then talks about how it wasn’t fun growing up, they get back in the carriage and once they make it to Estella’s house. Estella tells Pip that he should visit her often, Pip leaves Estella and returns to the Pocket household
Chapter 34: Pip cant stop thinking about Estella Pip also regrets the way he has been treating Joe recently. Pip is living the life buying all sorts of stuff he doesn’t need. Pip and Herbert sit down and calculate how much they have spent and their debt. A letter arrives telling Pip that Mrs Joe has died and the funeral is on Monday
Chapter 35: Pip arrives home for his sister funeral and cant stop thinking about her in her rocking chair by the fire. Pumblechook is drunk and still taking credit for Pip rise to fame, Pip and Joe at the funeral talk about the old times. Pip and biddy now talk about the old times and Pip is enraged that Orlick has been spending time around Biddy and he should get him but Biddy tells him not too, Pip then promises to Biddy that he will visit more often. Biddy doesn’t believe Pip and Pip is annoyed by this. Pip sleeps in his old room for the night. Next morning Pip sees Joe working and Biddy apologies to Pip if he has upset him, Pip then leaves into the mist.
Chapter 36: Pip is turning 21 and Jaggers wants to talk to Pip. Jaggers tells Pip he will be given £500 this year and he shocked. However Pip continues to ask Jaggers who his secret benefactor is but Jaggers ignores him and doesn’t tell him. Wemmick then tells Pip to invest in something with the money
Chapter 37: Pip then meets up with Wemmick and Pip then asks how he can invest the money for Herbert. Pip doesn’t want Herbert to know that he is investing in something for him. They find a merchant in need partner Pip then decides to buy the partnership for Herbert.
Chapter 38: Pip tells us that this chapter is dedicated to Estella. Pip spends his days hanging out with Estella and is there just to make other people jealous. Pip and Estella then proceed to visit Miss Havisham. Miss Havisham is happy to see Pip and Estella, As they gather around the fire Pip observes that Estella is designed to destroy men. Estella decides to unhook her arm from Miss Havisham which leads to a massive argument. Miss Havisham wants Estella to love her and calls her cold hearted. Estella says this is the way you raised me not to love anyone and says she can take pride in what she has created. Pip leaves and comebacks and find Estella kneeling by Miss Havisham knitting.